2. The independent kingdom of the Cholas was created by Aditya I, the son and successor of Vijayalaya. List of Temples Built during the Chola Period. 25. Known as "Merkey elundarulina devar" - the king who was pleased to go west. The kings kept their personal bodyguards called, The soldiers and the officers who distinguished themselves in war were given title like. At the beginning of the common era, southern India and Sri Lanka were home to three Tamil dynastic chiefdoms or kingdoms, each ruled by kings, together called “muvendar.” The Pandya, Chera, and Chola dynasties ruled over the Tamil people during ancient and medieval … They were hereditary monarchs. Aditya (871-907 A.D.) 3. His navy attacked the Srivijaya empire which was a great naval power in South-east Asia at that time, and forced it to accept his suzerainty. They laid the Basic foundations and primary Buildings. Rajaraja also laid the foundation of the greatness of the navy of the Cholas. 1. 2. The Cholas spent huge amounts to maintain an efficient cavalry and imported the best horse from Arab countries to equip their army. It has gotten 1194 views and also has 4.9 rating. 2. EduRev is like a wikipedia They ruled beyond the sea like Maldives Islands and Sri Lanka which shows that they had very efficient as well as huge naval power. You can see some Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev sample questions with examples at the bottom of this page. List of Chola Rulers and their contributions. However, there is no basis for this list of Kings either by way of inscriptions or by way of literary evidence (even in Sangam literature). Karikala was one of the few Tamil kings who won the whole of Lanka. Among the early Chola kings, Karikala Chola was the most famous, while Rajaraja Chola, Rajendra Chola and Kulothunga Chola I were also celebrated medieval Chola emperors. Chola kings and emperors bore the titles Parakesharivarman and Rajakesharivarman, alternately. * Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. Tests & Videos, you can search for the same too. Karikala defeated the union of nine minor chieftains in the battle of Vakaipparandalai. 1. (1955). Killi, Thiru Mangai, Kulasekaran, Rajamahendra and Thiru Vikrama were named in the Sri Ranganathar temple in Tiruchchirappalli as being ancestors of Killivallavan. 2. The capture of Tanjore by Vijayalaya about the middle of 9th century A.D. was the first step in the revival of the Chola power. Meanwhile, the Chola succession was getting murkier and murkier with disputes and intrigues during the periods of Rajadhiraja II and Kulothunga III. UPSC. out UPSC lecture & lessons summary in the same course for UPSC Syllabus. Took the title of Maduraiyum Elamum Konda Parakesarivarman – Parakesarivarman who conquered Madurai and Sri Lanka. During the succeding centuries, the Chola power declined owing to the rise of the Pallavas and the agression of the Pandyas and Cheras. Commonly referred … Known by the name Madhurantakan Sundara Chola and Parantaka Chola II. The Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India.In Bangalore the Cholas ruled nearly a century. By continuing to use our website, you agree to our. He built sixteen miles long and three miles wide artificial lake which was one of the largest man-made lakes in India. The document Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev is a part of the. 1. 1. 1. Question 1. In the above list of Chola Rulers and their contributions will enhance the general knowledge of the readers. Vijayalaya (reigned c. 850–870) began the occupation of the territory of the Pallavas, which was extended under Aditya I (reigned c. 870–907). Famous Indian Emperors & Kings When it comes to heritage and legacy, not many countries can assert of a rich and vibrant history as India. 1. 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Tanjore and Gangai Konda cholapuram are famous for their scale and grandeur. The images of kings and their wives were maintained in various temples which indicated that they believed in the divine origin of kingship. Telugu cholas, Tamil Cholas, Kakatiyas, Velanati Cholas, Musunuri Nayaks belonged to same lineage. Their chronology is difficult. Hope Tiribuvanam temple too gets added in this list. (1935). The Cholas did not observe the Hindu morality of warfare, i.e. Army The Cholas maintained powerful armies and navies. Situated in the village of Kodumbalur, 36 kilometres from Pudukkottai in Tamil Nadu, … List of Rock Edicts (Minor & Major) and Pillar Edicts. Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev notes for UPSC is made by best teachers who have written some of the best books of Very Few books only available in English * Nilakanta Sastri, K.A. His reign was known for general peace and good governance. He built solesvara temple of Narttamalai, Pudukkottai. 3. Brihadeeswarar Temple; Uththama Chola; Rajendra Chola I; Chola dynasty; List of Tamil monarchs; See also. 2. His reign was marked by civil unrest, possibly religious in nature. During his reign, Pandyas destroyed the fort and the outer wall of the temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram. He gave orders but the issue were well examined by the ministers, heading various departments, before the instructions of the king were obtained. One of the most important queens of this era was Queen Sembiyan Mahadevi, the widow of king Gandaraditya and the mother of Uttama Chola. I have visited all … He performed the horse sacrifice and earned the title Jayamkonda Cholan (The Victorious Cholan). Are there any other evidences available and is there a dynasty tree available? Brihadeeswarar temple at Thanjavur, TamilNadu The accession of Rajaraja I is a turning point in the history of the Cholas. UPSC Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev Summary and Exercise are very important for The Buddhist work on Tamil grammar, Virasoliyam eulogises him as a parton of letters and of Buddhism. He built the mukha-mandapa of Sabhapati, the gopura of Goddess Girindraja (Sivakami) and the verandah around the enclosure (prakara harmya) in the Siva Temple of Chidambaram. History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims, Satish Chandra: Summary of Chola Empire [9th To 12th Century], The Cholas and their Administrative Measures, Test: South India And The Cholas (800-1200 A.D) - 2, South India And The Cholas (800-1200 A.D) - 1. During his rule the chola navies did remain dominant in the western sea as well as eastern sea. 3. Here, we are giving the list of Chola Rulers and their contributions for general awareness. No Comments on Chola Kings List Treta Yuga Ikshvaku Tamil Copper Plates Evidence; Lord Rama . 1. 2. The Sangam literature is full of legends about the mythical Chola kings. your solution of Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev search giving you solved answers for the same. Under his reign, the Chola had lost most of their control of the territories south of the river Kaveri and their hold on the Vengi territories in the north was slipping with the emergence of the Hoysala power. 1. 1. Notes. They ruled beyond the sea like Maldives Islands and Sri Lanka which shows that they had very efficient as well as huge naval power. He was a great devotee of Siva and greatly patronised the temple at Chidambaram. 1. He gradually conquered neighbouring regions, and thus established Chola kingdom by defeating Pallava and Pandya kings. The last exploit of Rajaraja was the occupation of Laccadive and Maldive Islands, referred to as 12,000 islands in the inscriptions. There are several sources for this. Chola was the head of this army and navy. Name of Chola Rulers (Kings) Period of Rule. The Chola rulers started the practice of electing their successor or Yuvaraja and associating him in administration during their life-time. There is little epigraphic evidence available to give us any concrete information on Arinjaya’s rule. That will complete the chola architecture timeline. The decisions taken by these Sabhas were recorded on the walls of the temples by way of inscriptions. 3. Here, we are giving the list of Chola Rulers and their contribution for general awareness. Best part of his reign was marked by increasing success and prosperity. 2. To Study Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev for UPSC The Chola Dynasty was the greatest among all the south Indian dynasties. 2. using search above. There was thus a large set of officials grouped into grades. of Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev for UPSC, the answers and examples explain the meaning of chapter in the best manner. The Home of Tamils ,Lemuria is 230 million years old and Himalayas was not even formed then. Three of the chola temples are part of this WHS. The famous grammatical work in Tamil, Virasoliyam was written by Buddhamitra during his period. Famous poet Jayamkondar Jayamkondar who wrote the poem Kalingattu parani to celebrate the military victories of Kulottunga Chola was one of the gems of his court. Though evidence from Sanskrit Ithihasas,Ramayana Mahabharata,Eighteen Puranas present a country called Bharatvarsha,though the Kings as is their wont were fighting against each others. He made Tanjore his capital, beautified it and built several temples of Shiva there. The Chola Military (Tamil: சோழர் படை) was organized in the medieval era by emperor Rajaraja Chola I.The Cholas of the Vijayalaya Dynasty, who ruled parts of South India and Lanka between the tenth and thirteenth centuries CE, were dependent on their army and navy to expand and maintain order in their vast empire. The Great Living Chola Temples are situated in the southern … During his reign witnesses the local feudatories and chieftains. He was a Saiva. Prantaka I (907-55 A.D.) 4. If you want Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev 1. The history of the Cholas falls into four periods: the Early Cholas of the Sangam literature, the interregnum between the fall of the Sangam Cholas and the rise of the Imperial medieval Cholas under Vijayalaya (c. 848), the dynasty of Vijayalaya, and finally the Later Chola dynasty of Kulothunga Chola I from the third quarter of the 11th century. By continuing, I agree that I am at least 13 years old and have read and agree to the. Chronology of Chola Kings, The Rulers and Army UPSC Notes | EduRev chapter (including extra questions, long questions, short questions, mcq) can be found on EduRev, you can check 2. 2. He established Chola overlordship over the Sri Vijaya province Kedah in Malaysia. This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. 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