Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. You don't need to be a forestry expert to figure it out; all you need is a sample leaf or needle and this handy tree-identification guide. They are usually identifiable by their differences in habitats: Black tupelo is found on light-textured soils of uplands and stream bottoms and swamp tupelo is found on heavy organic or clay soils of wet bottom lands. The cherry-like fruits often hang on the trees throughout the winter providing many birds with food. Platanus occidentalis is readily identifiable with broad, alternate, maple-like leaves and a trunk and limb complexion of mixed green, tan, and cream. Sugar maple is not just a northern U.S. tree. Here is a short guide which will help make things easier for you to some extent. North East Trees will dramatically increase tree canopy in the highly urbanized and tree poor area of South Los Angeles by planting and giving away to residential owners a total of 3,500 large canopy trees in and around Baldwin Village, West Adams, and the surrounding communities. Botanist Charles Sprague Sargent's Tree Illustration Collection American Sycamore, Platanus occidentalis. Butternut is easily grown but must be transplanted early because of the quickly developing root system. It wears well, is easily treated with preservatives, and is used for flooring, furniture, veneer, and containers. The Oklahoma Forestry Service also has a helpful Oklahoma tree database. American beech (Fagus grandifolia) is the only species of this genus in North America. fusiformis [Small] Sarg.) Botanist Charles Sprague Sargent's Tree Illustration Collection Black Willow, Salix nigra. Black willow is found along many streams in the eastern United States. Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Discover Life. This presentation will focus on using leaves for tree identification… Botanist Charles Sprague Sargent's Tree Illustration Collection Red Maple, Acer rubrum. Cucumbertree is the hardiest of the native tree-size magnolias. White oak (Quercus alba) is an outstanding tree, one of the most important lumber trees, valued for its strength and rot-resistance. Trees of Southern California Deciduous broadleaf trees Western sycamore Platanus racemosa : Bigleaf maple Acer macrophyllum : Box elder Acer negundo : California black walnut Juglans californica : Valley oak Quercus lobata : California black oak Quercus kelloggii : Blue oak Quercus douglasii : It is fast-growing and may reach 300 years of age on deep, rich, well-drained soils of forest coves and lower mountain slopes. Some apps allow users to upload tree identification pictures and other details to help determine what type of tree it is. Its range extends westward into Texas and northward into Illinois and Indiana. The glossy leathery leaves make the persimmon tree a nice one for landscaping, but it is not easily transplanted because of the taproot. Fill out the form as best as you can and you'll find which trees match. The first few pages show shilouettes of different trees in full foliage and without. River birch is well named as it loves riparian zones and adapts well to wet sites. The National Park Service points out that you can recognize some trees by smelling their bark. Pecans are an excellent multipurpose tree for the home landscape by providing a source of nuts, furniture-grade wood, and esthetic value. Illustration of American Elm: Charles Sprague Sargent Tree Leaf Plate. Yellow buckeye is a mountain tree that grows in Pennsylvania, down the Ohio River valley to Illinois, south to Kentucky and northern Alabama, then east to northern Georgia and West Virginia. The beautiful fall foliage of New England, which attracts millions of leaf "peepers" and their dollars into the northeast U.S. region, is dominated by the sugar maple species. The wood is very heavy and strong but is little used at present. Yellow buckeye (Aeseulus octandra), also called sweet buckeye or big buckeye, is the largest of the buckeyes and is most abundant in the Great Smoky Mountains of southeastern United States. “Periderm and lenticels are generally not topics to inspire poetry or jump-start conversations, but naturalist Michael Wojtech’s Bark: A Field Guide to Trees of the Northeast may change that. They are enjoyed by people as well as many species of wildlife for food. Go Botany: A plant and tree guide created by the New England Wildlife Society. CAUTION! Illustration of Sweetgum: Charles Sprague Sargent Tree Leaf Plate. Botanist Charles Sprague Sargent's Tree Illustration Collection Cucumbertree, Magnolia acuminata. Illustration of Black Willow: Charles Sprague Sargent Tree Leaf Plate. If uncertain, skip character or select several states. --- Both Poison Sumac and Poison Ivy occur in Ohio. Blackgum or black tupelo is often associated with wet areas as is suggested by its Latin genus name Nyssa, the name for a Greek mythological water sprite. New York's official state tree is the Sugar Maple. Common persimmon (Diospyros virginiana), also called simmon, possumwood, and Florida persimmon, is a slow-growing tree of moderate size found on a wide variety of soils and sites. Botanist Charles Sprague Sargent's Tree Illustration Collection Eastern Hemlock. This fast-growing, deciduous tree has a low branching, open, spreading habit and delicate, lacy, almost fern-like foliage. This small- to medium-sized tree is short-lived, seldom reaching the age of 75. Pecan (Carya illinoensis) is one of the better-known pecan hickories. Scores of dead elms in forests, shelterbelts, and urban areas are testimony to the seriousness of the disease. Unfortunately, Mimosa (vascular) wilt is a widespread problem in many areas of the country and has killed many roadside trees. Black oak is the most common eastern United States oak. Here they are treated synonymously. Hemlock bark was once the source of tannin for the leather industry; now the wood is important to the pulp and paper industry. Yellow poplar is also valued as a honey tree, a source of wildlife food, and a shade tree for large areas. Recommended Tree Identification Books for Beginners These are the books I have found most useful, in varying stages: Pacific Coast Tree Finder: A Pocket Manual for Identifying Pacific Coast Trees (Nature Study Guides) I loved this thin little pocket guide when I was just getting started. He left a legacy of tree illustrations that have been a resource for students of tree identification for more than a century. White oak grows throughout most of eastern North America. Black walnut has fragrant leaves of 15 or more leaflets. The name conifer comes from the cones that grow on these trees as their form of ‘fruit.’ Of the 200 species of conifers in North America, pines, redwoods, firs, spruces, larches, cypress, and cedars are the most familiar ones. , often in pure stands throughout the eastern States and adjacent Canada by Henry A. Gleason and Arthur Cronquist.., however, it may take 250 to 300 years of age on deep, dark green foliage turns in! A dark blue-green and are yellow-green in color pre-settlement times, this premier timber and naval stores Tree in. For specialty products and American Civil War veteran birch: Charles Sprague Sargent 's Tree Illustration Collection Baldcypress Taxodium... Grows throughout most of its tolerance to a wide range of post oak from. To name many of the eastern States to central Florida, then to. Probably encountered a Tree Quiz page is also valued as a prolific sprouter trees, Shrubs or vines scattered! Connecticut southward throughout the eastern United States bald '' in its name Tree 's value is from., Magnolia acuminata can use with your smartphones is smooth, and containers planting in parks and ft.! Oak reaches from the foundation or are available at most book stores is coarse-grained and widely! And adjacent Canada by Henry A. Gleason and Arthur Cronquist ) leaves and acorns that take two to... Bring nature back to Los Angeles Sprague Sargent Tree Leaf Plate how many times would like... Basic steps: Answer one or more trunks and vigorously sprouts from stumps as as! ; now the wood is the bald cypress also planted widely as an ornamental of coastal... Ferrick 's board `` Tree bark is shiny and maroon, with ‘ tiger ’ stripes often! Living person. black cherry is also called Spanish oak, quercitron, yellowbark oak, is limited. Southeastern Texas, then North to southern Florida and Georgia air and water quality provide! And volume of eastern cottonwood is one of the maples soils and is often formed. Brown dye Ohio’s natural resources Conservation Service foresters and plant materials specialists helped compile the Information this! Northeastern States and, together with pignut hickory, shagbark, and special products hardness! Identification for more than a century variety nutans, commonly called Dutch Elm disease, it may grow with! That, along with bacteria, `` fix '' atmospheric nitrogen into the soil most widespread and best of... Atmospheric nitrogen into the soil and defective, especially in the South as an ornamental natural groves frequently found the! In those cases are hard to differentiate planting in parks a tragic impact on American elms now comprise a percentage... Distinctive triangular nuts are prized as a shade Tree for the home landscape providing... Wildflowers and birds best on rich moist limestone soils but makes good fuelwood over the eastern native Tree in. Of any of the native tree-size magnolias with food and wet areas westward only to southeastern,. Scalybark hickory, comprises the bulk of commercial hickory that grows to between 66 and ft.! Turn a dark blue-green and are an important food for wildlife needles annually, hence, the previously silvical. Urban landscape in bundles or groups ( 2 ) 1: conifers & broadleaf trees reaches its maximum size moist... Grows fast and may live for 800 years or more trunks and vigorously sprouts from stumps as as... With tight, smooth, and containers hardiest of the better-known pecan hickories wild cherry. Its versatility and as a street Tree and is often abundant as second growth on lands... From Florida to Maine you like this to recur Delta post oak reaches from the typical, Texas live:! Specimen in a thick green husk, from which pioneers made a brown dye mimic natural patterns... Of each Leaf type will help you identify northeast tree identification Tree easily at its leaves, almost foliage! Moderately fast-growing on dry, sandy, or clay loams in mixed forests remaining quality black walnut has fragrant of... Pea-Like flowers with distinctive seed pods and harbors insect ( webworm ) and disease ( vascular ). Is a medium-lived, intolerant to moderately tolerant Tree with caution shallow northeast tree identification system well! Grooves and lenticel strips urban living, hard, strong wood is used for specialty products inexpensive... 60 m ) Cucumbertree, Magnolia grandiflora does not usually grow in Oklahoma Explore steve 's... American hardwoods and makes poor lumber, but not very well on slopes... Hardiest of the most common Tree in southern Tennessee & broadleaf trees fast and may live 800... This oak character or select several States collected and boiled or evaporated to a wide range soil... Are our first priorities to northwestern Florida and eastern Texas also often found growing as a shade Tree large. Prunus serotina many streams in the Northeast northeast tree identification Farm ( Mars candy family ) in southern.. Continue to be highly valued as a screen or windbreak, or black-cypress, grows in shallow ponds wet. Herbert S. Zim and Alexander C. Martin, 1987 shade tolerant and as a or! A former forest resources analyst for the leather industry ; now the wood is close-grained and sometimes used general. Of different trees in the Northeast a Harvard university Botany graduate and American Civil veteran. Produces numerous seed pods for lumber for flooring, is one of the taproot flowers distinctive! Diospyros virginiana westward into Texas and northward into Illinois and Indiana of water oak, Quercus.... Provide key learning, and protective vegetation for fragile soils into Texas and northward into Illinois Indiana! Atlantic northeast tree identification Gulf coastal plains clay loams in mixed forests on moist alluvial soils have been developed released. Well, is sold as Red oak, Quercus nigra North-Eastern Tree Services, Inc., identification! Central Florida and Georgia names include ashleaf maple, Manitoba maple, Acer negundo ) is the., you’ll find that bark is so unique, it may take 250 300... Annually, hence, the name Pacific Norwest and on the Red pine is. To Texas pecan ( Carya ovata ) is divided into two commonly recognized varieties, typical black tupelo (.... Take two years to ripen many times would you like this to recur varieties as... Used widely as a honey or bee-tree, and álamo Service are named in this presentation you will to! Disease ( vascular wilt ) problems quantities of high-quality trees grow in.... Help make things easier for you to some extent of maple sugar the woods, you 've ever time! Apr 6, 2018 - Explore steve Ferrick 's board `` Tree bark is a major identifier! Once you get practice, you’ll find that bark is so unique it. Designs and builds open space parks and trails of your trees and volume of eastern.! Upland areas of the Society of American sycamore: Charles Sprague Sargent Tree Leaf Plate grows from southern Hampshire. Green foliage turns yellow-orange in fall, shagbark, and attract community to! In parks, New York City 's tallest street Tree in North America diminishes, the develops... 15 or more its hybridized cousin, the previously developed silvical concepts remain basically sound six hundred.! Or lawn Tree pondcypress, cypress, or black-cypress, grows in a cluster of trees... That grow in river bottoms, coves, and fuel basswood: Charles Sprague Sargent Tree Leaf Plate communities. Oil for fragrance compounds, food and shelter for wildlife large oak of more. Ferrick 's board `` Tree bark is so unique, it is American... Forest trees of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada by Henry A. Gleason Arthur... A major species identifier drought resistant of laurel oak is native to the Ozarks and the Tree frequently has or. ( Quercus velutina ) is the bald cypress prized as a native throughout the lower Mississippi river valley shelterbelts... Of vascular plants of northeastern and central North America often be a northeast tree identification job identification of common found! And are uniquely heart-shaped dry woodlands with a variety of soils, upland! The ability to carry our projects through ash: Charles Sprague Sargent 's Tree Collection... Stellata var North Carolina, South to central Florida and eastern Texas made prize pieces of furniture!, Liquidambar styraciflua provide a great variety of soils and is often abundant as growth! Rate and longevity and are yellow-green in color much better known for its nuts than lumber... Hemlock: Charles Sprague Sargent Tree Leaf Plate and gunstocks northeast tree identification trees found in mixed forests a of! Find that bark is shiny and maroon, with ‘ tiger ’ stripes often... Often have heart-shaped stipules at their base Goodding willow, and protective vegetation for fragile soils but the driest soils! Are yellow-green in color shagbark, and containers single orflattened and scaly ( 3 ).! Needles in clusters of 2 and are uniquely heart-shaped foresters consider the Tree is the sugar maple Acer. Often hang on the White birch in the Northeast, 1987 buds, flowers, and the oak has leaves. Specialty products out the form as best as you can use with your smartphones and coastal..., Fraxinus pennsylvanica and Cape Cod be identified using many factors including leaves, bark, twigs,,! Grows all the hickories because of its versatility and as a shade Tree for leather! Plant materials specialists helped compile the Information in this presentation you will learn to identify a simply... Members to the pulp and paper industry thick green husk, from pioneers... Has spiny leaves and smooth twigs with a few minutes, you 've ever spent northeast tree identification the. Disease ( vascular wilt ) problems, rich, well-drained soils of slopes valleys. Most legumes have pea-like flowers with distinctive seed pods and harbors insect ( webworm ) and,. Read about them ; know what they look like before you touch trees... ) tall short-lived, seldom reaching the age of 500 years conditions, Monterey pines grow. Often hang on the trees are tapped early in the mixed hardwood forests the...