We use two structures: le futur simple (simple future) and le futur proche (the near future, also known as idiomatic future). I will meet him in his office tomorrow. I’m working this weekend. C’est parti! it’s the equivalent of the English future tense (will + main verb). There are 10 indicative verb tenses in French grammar, but some of these are restricted to written language. (prediction), Si vous n’étudiez pas, vous échouerez à votre examen. Keep in mind that in everyday life, most people use le futur proche. Thus, to conjugate penser (to think), we have je penserai, tu penseras, il/elle pensera, nous penserons, vous penserez, and ils/elles penseront. Do they express the same idea? Le futur procheis very beginner friendly and mimics English when you say something along the lines of “I am going to ______.” The near future denotes events that are certain to occur and are happening relatively soon. An example of a future tense form is the French aimera, meaning "will love", derived from the verb aimer ("love"). To form the future tense in French, you use: the infinitive of -er and -ir verbs, for example, donner, finir; the infinitive without the final e of -re verbs: for example, … In French, the future with aller is known as the futur proche , (close future). The choice depends mostly … Je travaille ce week-end. This PowerPoint show for the French future tense (le futur simple) is perfect for showing when teaching the conjugations and uses. The future tense: Futur simple. The gramatical aspects of French remind me a lot of Spanish. In the following pages you can find explanations and examples for each of the French tenses… Today, we will talk about expressing the future. The covid lockdown gives us a perfect chance to learn a new language, you can focus on learning a lot due to social distancing. For exercises visit the Simple Future … If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will go to the park. With expressions like un jour, dans 5 ans, etc. Learning how to conjugate a verb is tricky in any language. Ce soir, on danse! I am glad I can speak Spanish and it has made the process of learning french much easier. As many French language learners know, the passé simple ain’t as simple as it sounds. Example Vous rougirez si je vous raconte la blague. For example, we only use le futur simple in the following cases: Quand je serai grand, je serai astronaute. Let’s answer these questions as in much detail as possible. Example: Je parlerai avec mon professeur. Which structure do you prefer? I am learning Japanese using apps and online courses. The conditional tense, along with the futur simple, is one of the most uncomplicated French tenses to get the hang of (besides the imperative). - I will speak with my professor. All of these questions mean Will you go/Are you going to go to the party? We’ll start with the futur proche because it only requires you to correctly conjugate the verb aller (to go) in the present tense. The ones you will use the most are present, imperfect, future, conditional, subjunctive, and imperative for the simple tenses; and the present perfect, pluperfect, future perfect, and past conditional for the compound tenses. THE ” FUTUR PROCHE “ It is supposed to be used for something close in time: tomorrow, next week etc. The French Future Tense, as in English, is used to imply that which has not yet happened but will happen. The simple future is a very common and useful verb tense. The modern French pronunciation of the future tense is also very important: all your endings will start with an R sound. Fortunately, the French future tenses are not as complicated as their cousins. I’m going to finish my homework tonight. As in English, the future tense is used to talk about future events. The same rules we saw in a previous post apply here. Contrary to its name, the simple past tense … Of course, the “le futur proche” which is more commonly used is preferable. This winter I’m going to go/will go to Mexico. For regular verbs it is formed by adding the following endings to the infinitive: -ai, … –ER, –IR, and –RE are the infinitive form endings of French verbs. The endings for the simple future are: -ai, -as, -a, -ons, -ez, -ont. For negative sentences, we have to use ne + pas (or some other negative word depending on the idea being expressed). However, in some cases, we can only use one structure. These verb forms are just that - simple. The gardener is going to plant the … Forming the near future tense. She will ride the bus to school. I think it’s also important to hire a teacher/tutor for some guidance. He will eat dinner at 12 o’clock. If you don’t, then it’s understood you’re talking about the present and not the future. Talking about the future is much simpler. French has about 18 tenses/moods to choose from. Yes, online education has grown exponentially over the last few months. Also, keep in mind le futur proche is more commonly used, so I recommend you stick to it when possible. The near future tense, or le futur proche, is a tense that we use to express an action that will happen very shortly in the future. Tenses … Are you going to call/Will you call your girfriend? Context is everything! Future tense in English is super simple. Yes, Spanish and French share several similarities since both of them derive from Latin. Examples: Est-ce que tu vas aller à la fête?/Est-ce que tu iras à la fête?/Vas-tu aller à la fête?/Iras-tu à la fête? If something will happen or is expected to happen soon, then you should use le futur proche instead. In the French language, there are 2 future tenses: the “futur proche” and the “futur simple”. We are go… This evening we’re going to go to the movies. - We will sell the newspaper. French Comparative Superlative Adjectives. Future tense in English is super simple. Regular verbs are easily conjugated into … This structure is formed by using the corresponding conjugation of aller + an infinitive verb. Yes, send me my free Learn French newsletters. For more exercises, you can visit the following sites: https://francais.lingolia.com/en/grammar/tenses/le-futur-simple/exercises, https://francais.lingolia.com/en/grammar/tenses/le-futur-compose/exercises. In some cases, you can use the simple present tense to talk about the future, just like you would do in English. Le futur simple is used to talk about actions or events that will take place sometime in the future. Example: Si vous aviez travaillé plus dur, vous auriez réussi l'examen.- If you had worked harder, you would have passed the exam. She will take her exam at the end of this year. Look at the following examples: Cet hiver, je vais aller au Mexique = Cet hiver, j’irai au Mexique. The future perfect tense: Futur Anteriéur . French language learning is a winding path of complex conjugations, tenses, and moods. As you might have guessed, the simple future tense is used to talk about an action or event which will take place after the moment when we are actually speaking. You may now be wondering if both structures can be used interchangeably, right? (apprendre), Dans deux ans j’/je ____________ une voiture. The ‘near’ future tense: Futur proche. The infinitive form of every verb is what translates as to ___. (regarder), Un jour j’/je _____________ en France. What are you going to order? The French near future—futur proche—is a verb construction that is used to express something that is going to happen soon, an upcoming event that will occur in the near future.Note that in French, this verb tense is called futur proche; to avoid misspelling this term, notice that the French spelling of futur does not have an e on the end, unlike "future… 2 – Modern Pronunciation of the French Future Tense. Don’t worry. One of the ways to express the future tense in French is to use the simple future tense, called le futur simple. Simple future is often used with words expressing the future such as: 1. demain(tomorrow) 2. plus tard(later) 3. dans un moment(in a moment) 4. la semaine prochaine(next week) 5. le mois prochain(next month) 6. l'année prochaine(next year) Example: L'année prochaine, j'étudierai aux Etats-Unis. You will not be able to finish the pizza by yourself. Good information to access new knowledge on line. When you need to move beyond the present, you need new tenses! On ____________ un film ce soir. The key is immediacy. In French, there is a different way of saying I am going to do something, If you wish to say you are going to do something, you just use the conjugated form of the French verb aller (to go) with the infinitive of the intended verb, Aller + infinitive = going to + infinitive, This is a very easy way of constructing the French Future Tense and it works with every infinitive, Je vais– I am going to Tu vas– You are going to Il/elle va– He/she is going to Nous allons– We are going to Vous allez– You are going to Ils/elles vont– They are going to, To look at more grammar lessons like French Future Tense, click here, More French Grammar Lessons Accelerated French Vocab Learning | French Colors | Compound Tense French | Demonstrative Pronouns | French Comparative Superlative Adjectives | French Conditional Tense | French Future Tense | French Gestures | French Grammar Lessons | French Comparative Superlative Adverbs |French Greetings | French Imperfect Indicative | French Imperfect Subjunctive | French Indicative Present | French Infinitives | French Interrogatives | French Passe Simple | French Possessive Pronouns | French Present Participle | French Present Subjunctive | French Proverbs | French Reflexive Pronouns | French Grammar Terms | Indefinite Article | Introduce Yourself | Possessive Pronouns In French | To Love In French | French Verbs Learn French Help Copyright 2005-. In our most recent post, we talked about the differences between past tenses, namely, le passé composé vs l’imparfait. When I grow up, I’ll be an astronaut. je vendrai - I will sell tu vendras - you (informal) will sell il/elle vendra - he/she will sell nous vendrons - we will sell vous vendrez - you (formal) will sell ils/elles vendront - they will sell. I will clean the house tomorrow. Simple Future Tense Examples (20 Sentences) I am going to study French. To form le futur proche, we don’t use any auxiliaries. 2 Forming the future tense. The conjugation is constructed with the … - You will blush if I tell the joke. It equates to will in English; I will eat. In Spanish it’s more complex and I tend to link wht I already know from Spanish to what I am currently learning of French… If there is an E before the R, the E will be silent in modern glided French… That doesn’t always work. We will shift to a new home the … Using the Simple Future Tense … We simply add one of the following suffixes to the main verb: -ai, -as, -a, -ons, -ez, and -ont. The above examples of Simple Future Tense are here to help you understand and use this tense properly and naturally. We’re dancing tonight! The verb you have to use is in parentheses. Just one recommendation: Don’t rely too much on translation, even though both languages are similar. You could use either structure in many cases as we mentioned above, but if you want to sound more French, stick to le futur proche as much as possible. The doctor will examine the patient tomorrow. The simple future tense (le futur simple) is the basic form of the future, and the English equivalent of “ will + verb.” Here’s an example of how the simple future tense is used: Ils mangeront dans l’avion. If you would like to learn more about which apps to use to learn French, you can click here. Are there any exceptions to them? If you don’t study, you will fail your exam. “To walk” is the infinitive of “walk” “To do” is the infinitive of “do”. She will buy a laptop at the end of this month. Paradoxically, the futur proche is simpler (easier to build) than the futur simple, that’s why we use it more.. Forming the future simple in French. It is the third most common verb form in English, after the simple present and simple past.Just under 10% of verbs in spoken English are in the simple future. Can they be used interchangeably? English does not have a future tense … The order of the words in future questions is the same as questions in other tenses. It’s the same as the English going to + verb. Ce soir, on va aller au cinema = Ce soir, on ira au cinema. (Next year, I will studyin the United States.) Le futur procheinvolves using the correct conjugation of aller + an infinitive (unconjugated verb). Do you remember the conjugations of aller? 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